METACOGNITIVE SKILLS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’  IN SOLVING WORD PROBLEMS BASED ON THE LEVEL OF MATHEMATICAL ABILITY

AZHARLINA RIZQI ARDINA

Abstract


Abstract


Metacognitive skills play an important role in problem solving. One part of the problem-solving exercises is solving word problems. Students need appropriate steps and strategies to solve word problems. In many cases, each student employes different strategy in solving word problem. This is because the difference of mathematical ability. This research is a qualitative research with interview-based test method that aims to describe the metacognitive skills of high school students in solving word problems based on the level of mathematical ability. The subjects in this research consisted of three students comprising one student with high mathematical ability, one student with medium mathematical ability, and one student with low mathematical ability. Based on the results of research, the most frequent metacognitive skills in solving word problem shown by student with high mathematical ability. At each stage of solving word problems, student of high mathematical ability is able to demonstrate metacognitive skills for all three stages: planning, monitoring, and evaluating. While the student with medium mathematical ability and low mathematical ability are not able to demonstrate the evaluating of metacognitive skills at the stage of  devising a plan and carrying out the plan. More over, student with low mathematical ability also not able to demonstrate the monitoring at the stage of looking back.

Keywords: Metacognitive Skills, Word Problem, Mathematical Ability


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