DEVELOPMENT OF MATHEMATICS PROBLEMS USING SPUR (SKILLS, PROPERTIES, USES, AND REPRESENTATIONS) MULTIDIMENSIONAL APPROACHFOR STUDENTS IN THE 8TH GRADE

AMELIA SAVITRI

Abstract


Abstract


This study described how to develop mathematics problems that were valid and reliable by using SPUR (Skills, Properties, Uses, and Representations) multidimensional approach. In mathematics learning, majority of teachers designed problems for assessing students without validity and reliability test. Therefore development research could be one way for that situation. This study used Tessmer development model that consisted of two stages: 1) Preliminary stage, researcher found literatures and establish subjets in one-to-one, small group, and field test stages, and 2) Formative evaluation stage, researcher designed mathematics problems and it was reviewed by three experts in expert review stage, two 9th  grade students in one-to-one stage, six 9th  grade students in small group stage, and 37 students in 8th grade for field test stage.  The last stage of this study produced 25 multiple choice problems (5 skills dimensional problems, 5 properties dimensional problems, 9 uses dimensional problems, and 6 representations dimensional problems). There were 10 valid and reliable problems and the product had an adequate reliability as 0,60.      


Keywords: problems development, SPUR multidimensional approach, formative evaluation


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