STUDENTS’ STRATEGIES IN SOLVING PROPORTION PROBLEM BASED ON FIELD DEPENDENT AND FIELD INDEPENDENT COGNITIVE STYLES

AUGITA SILVANIA PUTRI, ROOSELYNA EKAWATI

Abstract


Strategies are related to how students solve the problem. Students’ strategies in solving problem is based on their experience. Cognitive style is one of factor that influence the differencess of students’ strategies. This research is a qualitative descriptive research that aims to describe student’s strategies with field dependent and field independent cognitive style in solving proportion problem. This research was conducted to students of grade VIII. The determination of FI and FD were 4 using GEFT (Group Embedded Figure Test) instrument which then will be given proportion problem test and interview. The results showed that FI students, uses multiplicative strategy, SI1 uses cross product algorithm and unit rate strategies and SI2 uses cross product algorithm strategy only. FD students, SD1 does not use multiplicative strategy that is cross division and SD2 uses multiplicative strategy that is cross product algorithm strategy. From this research, it is expected that teachers can teach many strategies so that student can develop their strategies in solving problem.







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