Profil Penalaran Aljabar Siswa SMA yang Memiliki Kecerdasan Linguistik dan Logis-Matematis dalam Memecahkan Masalah Matematika

Ulifah Istinaro, Rini Setianingsih

Abstract


In learning algebra, students must have understanding about algebraic symbols and the meaning of equality and inequality, these abilities can be explored in algebraic reasoning which includes skills in finding patterns, recognizing patterns, and generalizing patterns. One way that teachers can carry out in order to develop students’ algebraic reasoning is through problem solving. Problem solving used to develop students’ algebraic reasoning is algebraic problem solving. Algebraic reasoning skills and problem solving for students are influenced by the intelligence possessed by students. Gardner identifies intelligence consisting of 8 intelligences, two of which are linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence. This study attempt to describe the algebraic reasoning profile of high school students who have linguistic intelligence and logical-mathematical intelligence in solving mathematical problems. This research uses a qualitative approach. This research was conducted in class XI-1 of SMAN 7 Surabaya in the academic year 2018/2019. The subject of this study consisted of 2 students with different types of intelligence. The results showed that each student meets algebraic reasoning indicators. Student who have linguistic intelligence write answers completely but not detailed, but when explaining what is written on the answer sheet, the student explains in detail by using her own words. While student who have logical-mathematical intelligence write answers completely and in detail, but when the student explains what is written on the answer sheet, the student explains it in her own words but not in detail.

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