The Profile of Junior High School Students about PISA Problem Solving Based on Personality Type

Siti Mar'atus Solichah, Raden Sulaiman

Abstract


One of the goals of learning mathematics is students can solve the problems. PISA problems can be used to bring up the problem solving activities. Keirsey's personality type is chosen because it offers possibility on differences in each personality type. It is based on the characteristics in taking and processing information, making decisions, and patterning the implementation of their tasks. The aim of this research is describing the profile of junior high school students about PISA problem solving based on personality type. This research is a qualitative descriptive research using test and interview methods. The subjects consist of four students, which are guardian, artisan, rational, and idealist. The results showed that on the understanding the problem stage, all students read the questions and were capable in identifying the information in the question. Then represented what is known and unknown. At the devising a plan stage, the four subjects were able to link the information that was known with prior knowledge to make a plan. At the carrying out the plan stage, the four subjects used the appropriate knowledge to implement the settlement plan that has been made. At the looking back stage, all the students examine their solutions.

Keywords: problem solving, PISA questions, personality type


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