Patchwriting in English Department Students’ Academic Writing

YULIANA KUMALASARI

Abstract


AbstrakTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan di level apa siswa membuat patchwriting, dan bagaimana siswa membuat patchwriting dalam tulisan akademik mereka. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam kualitatif. Ada enam partisipan dari sebuah universitas negeri di Jawa Timur yang mengambil jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris. Mereka merupakan siswa tahun ketiga dalam masa belajarnya dan sedang memprogram mata kuliah Paper Writing. Data-data berasal dari draft tulisan-tulisan siswa dan bacaan asli mereka. Hasil menunjukan bahwa walaupun persamaan-persamaan masih muncul dalam tulisan siswa, ada perbedaan-perbedaan di dalamnya. Berdasarkan hasil perbandingan antara tulisan-tulisan tersebut, ada enam tingkat modifikasi dalam parafrase siswa. Level tersebut adalah level kata, frase, klausa, paragraf, kombinasi, dan tanpa perubahan. Siswa lebih banyak menggunakan level kombinasi dalam tulisan mereka. Disamping itu, ada enam cara patchwriting berdasarkan modifikasi yang siswa-siswa buat dalam statemen mereka. Mereka adalah mengkopi langsung, merubah kata-kata, merubah struktur, penghilangan, penambahan, dan penggabungan. Diantara tipe-tipe tersebut, siswa cenderung untuk menggunakan penggabungan karena mereka menggabungkan lebih dari satu tipe patchwriting di parafrase mereka. Kata Kunci: Patchwriting, Penulisan Akademik . AbstractThe purpose of this study, therefore, is to describe in what level the students made patchwriting, and then how students make patchwriting in their academic writing. This study employed a qualitative approach. There were six participants from a state university in East Java majoring English Education programme. They were in the third year of their study and taking Paper Writing course. The data came from the students’ writing draft and their original passages. The results show that even though the similarities still appeared in the students’ passages, there are differences among them. According to the comparison among students’ writings, there were six levels of modification in students patchwriting. They were word, phrase, clause, combination, and no changes-level. The students mostly used combination-levels in their rewriting. Besides, there were six processes of patchwriting based on the modification that the students made in their writing. They were Copying Directly, Changing Words, Changing Grammar, Omitting, Adding, and Combining. Among those process, the students tended to use Combining since they combined more than one ways to make patchwriting in their academic writing.Keywords: Patchwriting, Academic Writing

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