PERKEMBANGAN PENGELOLAAN MANGROVE JENU TUBAN TAHUN 2005-2016

Siti Nurul Fitriyah

Abstract


In 2005 the Tuban Mangrove Center was established based on the concern of the residents of the Tuban coastline
related to environmental damage due to the violent waves and residents' activities. Mangroves have a physical function
in maintaining coastlines, accelerating the formation of new land and protecting the banks of rivers and beaches. While 

the biological function of mangroves is as a nurture and breed for various types of shrimp, fish and other animals, a
shelter for a large number of species of birds, and habitat for a variety of wildlife. While the commercial functions of
mangroves are aquaculture (such as wanamina ponds), recreation (tourism), and producing wood and salt ponds.
Tuban Regency is very suitable as a habitat for mangrove forest vegetation, especially in Jenu District, which has
a cape and bay as a mud deposit area. The Tuban Mangrove Center is located on Jalan Tuban-Semarang Km 9, Jenu
Village, Jenu District, Tuban Regency. Previously, the Jenu beach area was one of the areas affected by large waves
which caused damage to the land until it reached the Pantura highway (North Coast). Along with the time now, the Tuban
Mangrove Center not only functions as a center for mangrove and coastal plants, but, the mangrove forest has turned
into a natural laboratory from the north coast by presenting an educational tourist attraction, a leadership training area
and a national campsite. Educational activists who make use of this area learn a lot about the process of nursery, planting
and environmental conservation.
Therefore, researchers want to conduct research on: first, how is the development of mangrove jenu tuban in 2005
to 2016? Second, what is the role of mangrove jenu tuban as one of the tourist destinations in the city of Tuban ?, and
third, what is the contribution of the community around mangroves in mangrove management ?. The method used in this
research is to use library research and interview methods. The stages carried out when historical research are: 1.
Heuristics (collecting sources) with the main sources in the form of interviews, archival documents in the Mangrove
Center Tuban, 2. Criticism (testing the source), 3. Interpretation (interpretation of historical facts chronologically), 4
Historiography (writing).
Through this research it can be seen, the Tuban Mangrove Center Foundation was established in 2005 and
received awards such as receiving the Kalpataru award in 2012 and the 2010 analysis year which was intended only as
a preservation movement that was developed as a tourist attraction and driving force of the Jenu-Tuban coast. As one of
the tourist destinations in Tuban, the Mangrove Center in Tuban provides adequate facilities such as the Outbound Area,
Gazebo, and as a natural laboratory. In addition, the Tuban Mangrove Center Foundation provides education about
training to farmers on nurseries, provides seedlings to schools and works closely with companies in channeling CSR. The
activity consisted of conservation and breeding, Fisheries, Animal Husbandry, Community Empowerment, Ecogreen,
Adiwiyata School, and Joint Business Groups. In the course of time, the community is increasingly concerned about the
environment. The community participates in environmental preservation and participates in the activities of the Tuban
Mangrove Center Foundation by planting mangroves. Conducting activities at the Mangrove Center in Tuban such as
Outbound, Scouts and seed planting activities. Reciprocity of the surrounding community with the central Tuban
mangrove foundation can increase Tuban investment specifically in Jenu District.
Keywords: Mangrove Forest, Mangrove Center Tuban, Environme


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