DINAMIKA PERKEBUNAN NGRANGKAH KE PERKEBUNAN NGRANGKAHSOEMBER GLATIK DI KEDIRI TAHUN 1891-1932

DIAN AGUSTIN

Abstract


The geographical position of Kediri which has dry land on the slopes of Mount Kelud is suitable for cultivating
coffee and rubber commodities. Kediri is included in the central area of coffee processing in the Dutch East Indies. The
development of plantations in Kediri is inseparable from the freedom granted by the Dutch government to foreign
entrepreneurs to invest their capital in the colony. Ngrangkah Plantations are plantations owned by private companies
that were founded in 1891. The emergence of private companies in Ngrangkah gave a change to the liveihoods of the
population as an agrarian society.
Based on this background the following research problems were formulated: 1) What were the dynamics of the
Ngrangkah plantation in 1891-1932? 2) What is the impact of Ngrangkah Plantation on the socio-economic community?
The research method used to reconstruct the Ngrangkah plantation is a historical research method including, heuristics,
criticism, interpretation, and historiography.
Based on the results of an analysis of the facts and sources that have been obtained, it has been obtained that from
year to year the Ngrangkah plantation has fluctuated from the amount of production, on the other hand, it is experiencing
wear inland expansion. The decline in production results resulted from the eruption of Mount Kelud in 1909 and 1919, so
the company suffered huge losses. Efforts to cover these losses by planting continuously for two years. Ngrangkah
plantation had an impact on the socio-economic of the surrounding community, the community underwent a social change
from being a farmer and a trader to a farmer and a factory worker. Social inequality occurs as a result of the emergence
of a plantation elite that controls the community system in the village, for example, the poverty experienced by laborers
due to the low wages earned.
Keywords: plantation, impact and coffee-rubber, Ngrangkah


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