Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics based on COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics)


The Submission System

Electronic submission usually include standard communication to authors, reviewers and other editors. Journals should review them to ensure that they reflect current practices are consistent with the instruction to authors and are clear.


Duties of People in the Journal

A. Editorial Team

1) Editors in Chief and Vice Editors

The editors in chief will be expected to work with a team of co-editor (vice editor).  The submmission system, editors may wish to provide a checklict of what is expected from authors to maintain standards of manuscripts. Action of editors are:

  • Editors are responsible for everything published in journal. they should therefore take all reasonable steps to ensure the quality of materials.
  • Editors make desicions to accept or reject a paper  for publicationshould be based only on the paper's importance, orignality and clarity, and the study's relevence to the remit of the journal
  • Not with standing the economic and political realities of journal, editors should select submissions on the basis of their quality and suitability for readers rather than for immediate financial, political, or personal gain

2) Advisory Editorial Board

Adisory editorial board are experts  team who determine the journal's field. Action of advisory editorial board are:

  • Give advise on journal focus and scope.
  • Promote the journal to their colleagues and peers.
  • Assist decision making of editor over issues such as plagiarism claims and submissions where reviewers can’t agree on a decision.

3) Managing Editor

A well managed infrastructure is essential to a journal's success. Process for handling submissions that are most efficient and appropriate for the journal which through OJS (open journal system). Managing Editor is uploading review report and publishing article through OJS.

Managing journal bertugas mengatur proses submission (pengajuan artikel) oleh penulis hingga terpublikasi secara online. Pada proses ini dilakukan penguploadan hasil review dan mempublikasi artikel melalui OJS)

B. Reviewer

Reviews should be conducted objectively. The duty of confidentiality in the assessment of a manuscript must be maintained by expert reviewers. Actions of reviewers are:

  • This extends to reviewers' colleagues who may be asked (with editor's permission) to give opinions on specific sections.
  • The reviewers should not make any use the data, arguments, or interpretations, unless they have the authors' permission
  • Reviewers should provide speedy, accurate, courteous, unbiased and justifiable reports.
  • Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments and references as necessary and not be defamatory or libellous
  • Reviewers sholud respect the confidentially of material supplied to them and may not discuss unpublished manuscript with colleagues or use the information in their own work

C. Author

Authors take public responsibility for the content of their paper. The multtidisiplinary nature of much research can make this difficult, but can resolved by the disclosure of individual contribution. Authors avoid to suspected misconduct such as plagiarism (high percentage of similarity) or data fabrication. Suggestions fom authors as to who might act as reviewers are often usefull.

Author bertanggung jawab terhadap konten artikel dan konribusi beberapa penulis. Author menghindari terjadinya pelanggaran dalam penulisan artikel seperti plagiarism (high percentage of similarity) dan data fabrication. Proses  self-review terhadap artikelnya sangat bermanfaat bagi Authors.



Electronic submission system can be designed to ensure author provide all required infrormation. it may be helpful to require that all elements are complete before a manuscript will be sent for peer review.


plagiarism ranges from the unreferenced use of others' published and unpublished ideas, including research grant applications to submission under "new" authorship of a complete paper, sometimes in a different language. It may occur at any stage of planning, reasearch, writing, or publication. it applies to print and electronic version. Action to avoid plagiarism:

  • All sources should be disclosed and if large amounts of other peoples's written or illustrative material is to be used, permission must be sought


Conflict of Interest

Conflict of Interest comprise those which may not be fully apparent and which may influence the judgement of author, reviewers, and  editors. They have been described as those which, when revealed later, would make reasonable reader feel misled or deceivedThey may be personal, commercial, political, academic or financial. Authors must disclose financial resources which support their research.


Redundant Publication

Redundant publication occurs when two or more papers, without full cross reference, share the same hypothesis, data, discussion points, or conclusions. Action to avoid redundant publication:

  • Published studies do not need to be repeated unless further confirmation is requirprevious publication of an abstract during the proceedings of meetings does not preclude subsequent submission for publication, but full disclosure should be made at the time of submission
  • Re-publication of a paper in another language is acceptable, provided that there is full and prominent disclosure of its original source at the time of submission