METAPHORICAL THINKING OF STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT SENSING PERSONALITY TYPES IN SOLVING ALGEBRA PROBLEMS

Dinda Wahyu Mei Relawati, Agung Lukito

Abstract


This research aims at describing metaphorical thinking of students with varying personality types in solving algebra problems. The subjects of this study consist of two students of the same sex and equal mathematical abilities namely female students with guardian personality type and artisan personality type based on Keirsey personality type. Data collection methods used are problem solving task and task-based interview. The results show that metaphorical thinking of two subjects differ mainly in the component connect. In connect component,  the guardian student is connects  the problem given with the weekly savings process, while the artisan student connects with the farmer's hat and process of making a ladder. In relate component both students find common ideas between the problem given and the ideas they have. In explore component, the guardian student describes the similarity of ideas between the problem given with the weekly savings process and makes a model, while the artisan student describes the similarity of ideas with process of making a ladder using pictures and curves. In analyze component, the two students re-explain the previous steps that have been taken. Then in transform component, the two students change the model of their ideas. Whereas in experience component, both students do not apply the results obtained to solve the problems in new context.

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