STUDENTS’ STRATEGIC COMPETENCE PROFILES IN SOLVING MATHEMATICS PROBLEM BASED ON LEARNING STYLES

Siti Utari Widyanti, Siti Khabibah

Abstract


The purpose of this research was to describe the profiles of students' strategic competences that have visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learning style in solving mathematics problem. There were three subjects, one visual student, one auditory student, one kinesthetic student, which were chosen from the eleventh grade students of Science MA Nurul Jadid with high mathematical abilities, good communication skills, and the same gender. The instruments used were the VAK learning style test, the mathematics ability test, the mathematics problem solving test, and the interview guidelines. The results obtained the description of  visual student profile, auditory student profile, and kinesthetic student profile in selecting and implementing strategies when formulating, representing, and solving problems, as follows: (1) visual student read silently, imagined, and drew to understand the problem; mentioned the known and unknown information verbally with the help of images; used images and symbols to represent problems; observed, analyzed and broke down images to find relevant concepts and formulas; solved the problem using those concepts and formulas. (2) Auditory student read in a low voice and drew to understand the problem; mentioned the known and unknown information verbally and in writing; used images and symbols to represent problems; observed images and recalled her knowledge to find relevant concepts and formulas; solved the problem using those concepts and formulas. (3) Kinesthetic student read silently while drawing to understand the problem; mentioned the known and unknown information verbally followed by her body cues; used images and symbols to represent problems; observed, analyzed and broke down images to find relevant concepts and formulas; solved problems using those concepts and formulas; random checked to examine her solution. The results of this study are important as information for mathematics teachers about the strategic competences of visual, auditory, and kinesthetic students in solving mathematics problems. From this information, mathematics teachers are expected to be able to design learning that can facilitate all students in developing their strategic competences.

Keywords: strategic competence, visual learning style, auditory learning style, kinesthetic learning style.

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